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What are the Requirements to Become a Paralegal?

Requirements to Become a ParalegalWould you like to work in the legal field, but do not wish to become an attorney? Then consider becoming a paralegal. This job offers a lot of variety with day-to-day tasks that should make your workday go by quickly. But before you can find work in this exciting career, you must first meet these requirements to become a paralegal.

Deciding on a Program

You must have some formal education in order to work as a paralegal. There are a few options available and you can decide which one works best for you in terms of time, cost, and how much you would like to earn once you land a job. The higher your education, the more earning potential you will have. There are approximately 600 paralegal education programs in the United States, so finding a school in your area should be relatively easy.

Programs

Certificate Program

Earning a certificate only takes about seven months to complete. However, many of these programs are only available to those who already have an associate or bachelor degree in another field of study. Usually, only courses that pertain to the paralegal career are offered and do not include general education classes. Some courses you will take are: ethics, legal research, business law, legal writing, personal injury, and family law.

Associate Degree

These programs are found in community colleges and occasionally at four-year colleges and universities as well as business schools. During your education, about half of your courses will be general education and the other half will relate to the paralegal field. You need to complete 60 to 70 semester units to earn a degree.

Bachelor Degree

Many colleges and universities offer students an opportunity to earn a bachelor’s degree in paralegal education. You can opt to have it as a major or minor. To finish your schooling, you need 120 to 130 semester units which includes 30 to 60 units in paralegal studies and other related courses.

Master’s Degree

There are a few schools that offer an advanced degree in paralegal studies if you wish to further your education.

Certification

Earning a national certification is not required, but it can lead to higher wages, promotions, and teaching opportunities. While this is optional, there are several states where law makers and state bar associations prefer that paralegals earn a national certification. They are:

  • Delaware
  • Kansas
  • Louisiana
  • Montana
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Dakota
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia

National Certification Levels

Many paralegals first earn certification by taking one of the exams that cover a wide range of legal subjects. These tests are often given to those who are working an entry-level position or are still fairly new to the paralegal field. The exams are:

  • The PCC offered by the NFPA
  • The CP/CLA offered by the NALA
  • The PP offered by NALS

Requirements to sit for one of these exams vary, but may include:

  • An associate degree in any field plus a certificate in paralegal studies
  • A bachelor’s degree in paralegal studies plus a certificate in paralegal studies

Paralegal – Generalist

Any paralegal that has both formal education and work experience is eligible to take the NFPA’s Paralegal Advanced Competency Exam in order to become a registered paralegal. Requirements include:

  • An associate degree in paralegal studies from an accredited institution plus six years’ paralegal work experience
  • A bachelor’s degree in any field from an accredited institution plus three years’ paralegal work experience

Paralegal Specialist Certification

If a paralegal wishes to have a specialty, he or she can obtain certification that is only offered to those who already have earned a certified paralegal certification. Specialties include:

  • Criminal litigation
  • Personal injury
  • Discovery
  • Trial practice
  • Trademarks
  • Commercial bankruptcy

If you would like to learn more about the requirements to become a paralegal, contact us.